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Coal exports and imports embodied in international trade of China
Xu Tang 1 * #,Benjamin C.McLellan 2,Jianliang Wang 1,Simom Snowden 3,Mikael H??k 4
1.School of Business Administration, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
2.Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University,Kyoto 606-8501,Japan
3.Management School, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZH, England
4.Global Energy Systems, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala SE-752 36, Sweden
*Correspondence author
#Submitted by
Funding: Science Foundation of China University of Petroleum(No.Project No. ZX20150130), MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences(No.Project No.13YJC630148), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.Project No.71303258), Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (No.Project No.20120007120015)
Opened online: 2 September 2015
Accepted by: none
Citation: Xu Tang,Benjamin C.McLellan,Jianliang Wang.Coal exports and imports embodied in international trade of China[OL]. [ 2 September 2015] http://en.paper.edu.cn/en_releasepaper/content/4653259
As the world's largest coal producer, China is now the world's largest coal importer. As a global coal-fired factory, China exports coal embodied in a "Made in China" form through global trade. It is this phenomenon that is examined in this paper. The research results suggest that China's net embodied coal exports remained relatively stable before 2002, and then increased dramatically after 2002 especially during the period from 2002 to 2007. The percentage of net embodied coal exports in total coal consumed by China remained at 30% on average for the 5 years following the global economic crisis. The United States, Hong Kong, and Japan are the top three importers of China's embodied coal. The percentage of net embodied coal exports in total coal consumption is higher than the percentage of net embodied oil exports for every year since 1997. China's net exports of embodied coal are a product of China's chosen economic development path. China should make a trade-off between reducing embodied coal exports and changing the current trade model, in a long-term reform process.
Keywords:Energy Economics Management; Coal Consumption; Coal Exports; Embodied Coal

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